Incoming - ECTS

The ECTS Credit Point System

General Introduction to ECTS
The European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) is a system based on allocation and transfer of academic credits. It was developed and tested in a pilot scheme by 145 European institutions of higher education from all Member States and EFTA countries. ECTS was developed as an instrument of improving academic recognition throughout the European Universities by means of effective and general mechanisms. ECTS serves as a model of academic recognition, as it provides greater transparency of study programmes and student achievement. ECTS in no way regulates the content, structure and or equivalence of study programmes. These are issues of quality which have to be determined by the higher education institutions themselves when establishing a satisfactory basis for co-operation agreements, bilaterally or multilaterally.
The main characteristics of ECTS are:

  •  Credits are allocated to each course unit. The starting point is the normal pattern of courses a student would have to take in an academic year. 60 credits represent the workload of an academic year of study.
  •  Each institution produces an information package as a guide to all courses available to ECTS students. The courses are described not only in terms of content but also have credits added to each course.
  •  Before the student leaves for the host institution, the home institution, the host institution and the student sign a learning agreement in which the study programme abroad is agreed upon. A transcript of records which gives all details of previous higher education is attached to the learning agreement.
  •  The transcript of records lists all successfully completed courses together with details on the course, code, content and credits.
  • The home institution guarantees full academic recognition. The study period abroad replaces a comparable period of study at the home university.

In order to promote a universal implementation of ECTS as part of ERASMUS, the European Commission respects the right of each institute of higher education, to choose whatever recognition methods or agreements best suit their particular needs.
If, however, student mobility is to provide universal academic recognition, as many universities as possible should give thought to a system of recognition using commonly understood measurements.
ECTS has so far proved the best instrument to create transparency. Universities that receive financial support for their ERASMUS programmes should envisage measurements to implement ECTS at their institution - or if it is already in use, to try to progress ECTS implementation within further departments/ faculties.

 ECTS in Debrecen

Attendance is required in the mandatory courses and these courses also all conclude with a graded certificate documenting academic performance. The mandatory courses have been allotted a certain number of credit points listed in this brochure. A student who attends the entire range of mandatory courses can earn 60 credit points in one academic year.
Students requiring an additional graded assessment of academic performance in special parts of a subject in order to obtain fellowship relevant credit for the course at their home institution should contact the ERASMUS departmental coordinator after arriving in Debrecen. Examination dates for such graded assessments can be arranged solely by the Educational Office of the Medical Faculty.
The range of grades attained for the examinations are set up for the ECTS Transcript of Records from A to E corresponding to the Hungarian grading from passed (5 = best to 2 = passed with the minimal standard requested) and F corresponding to the Hungarian grading 1 (not passed).

Hungarian Grading Scale / ECTS Grading Scale

Hungarian Grading Scale
ECTS Grading Scale Percentage of successful students usually achieving this grade Definition
5 Excellent
Outstanding performance with only minor errors
A 10 Excellent
Excellent performance with only minor errors
4 Good
Above the average standard but with some errors
B 25 Very Good
Above the average standard but with some minor errors
3 Satisfactory
Generally sound work with a number of notable errors
C 30 Good
Generally sound work with a number of notable errors
 3    D  25 Satisfactory
Fair but with significant shortcomings
2 Sufficient
Performance meets the minimum criteria
E 10 Sufficient
Performance meets the minimum criteria
1 Fail
Some more work required before the credit can be awarded

Some more work required before the credit can be awarded


On the following pages the mandatory courses are listed within the framework of the usual schedule of studies for students of medicine at the University of Debrecen. Here incoming ERASMUS students can find the allotted number of ECTS credit points, as well as a brief description of the course content and the assessment requirements.

International students may study in either the English or Hungarian Program at the Medical School of the University of Debrecen. The English Program is an integral part of the educational work at the Medical School. The curriculum parallels that of the Hungarian Medical Program.

The Theoretical Phase

During the first two years the curriculum focuses on theoretical aspects of medicine, on basic natural scientific subjects such as biophysics, chemistry and biology, as well as on the traditional theoretical subjects of medical terminology/propedeutics, anatomy/histology, medical psychology, physiology that lay the foundation for subsequent medical subjects.

Obligatory Assignments in the Theoretical Phase
1st Theoretical Semester
  • Biophysics
  • First Aid and Reanimation
  • Medical Chemistry
  • Medical Psychology
  • Communication Skills
  • Library Informatics
2nd Theoretical Semester
  • Genetics
  • Anatomy
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Computer Sciences
  • Medical Latin
3rd Theoretical Semester
  • Anatomy/Histology
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
4th Theoretical Semester
  • Cell Physiology and Physiology
  • Neurobiology
  • Biochemistry

The Clinical Phase

The first year of clinical study consists of courses in basic clinical subjects, as well as a comprehensive course in clinical examination and the general examination methods in the operative and non-operative subject areas. The actual clinical part takes place in the second half of the clinical segment of studies. These activities build upon the knowledge acquired in previous semesters. Students have increased direct contact with patients and become familiar with the various areas of specialization. The clinical courses include the presentation of patients and practical exercises on the ward.


Obligatory Assignments in the Clinical Phase
1st Preclinical Semester

· Pathology
· Immunology
· Clinical Biochemistry
· Microbiology
· Propedeutics of Internal Medicine
· Basic Surgical Techniques
· Medical Psychology
· Basic Oncology


2nd Precinical Semester · Pathology
· Medical Microbiology
· Clinical Biochemistry
· Immunology, Rheumatology
· Propedeutics of Surgery
· Clinical Physiology
· Medical Sociology
· General Medicine
· Forensic Medicine
· Patient Care and Communication
1st Clinical Semester

* Internal Medicine (Cardiology)
* Pharmacology
* Preventive Medicine
* Orthopaedics
* Radiology
* Surgery
* Gynaecology and Obstetrics
* Traumatology
* Bioethics

· Stomatology
· Medical Anthropology

2nd Clinical Semester

* Pharmacology and Toxicology

· Internal Medicine (Endocrinology, Nephrology)
· Urology

* Preventive Medicine

· Pulmonology
· Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
· Surgery
· Obstetrics and Gynaecology


3rd Clinical Semester - Internal Medicine (Gastroenterology, Metabolism)

* Dermatology and Venerology
* Oxyology
* Pediatrics
* Forensic Medicine
* Ophthalmology

· Otolaryngology (ENT)
· Neurology
· Psychiatry

4th Clinical Semester * Paediatrics
* Ophthalmology
* Otolaryngology (ENT)
* Neurology
* Psychiatry
* Forensic Medicine
* Intensive Anaesthesiology
* Infectology

· Clinical Oncology

 The Internship (6th year)

During this phase of clinical education, students are expected to broaden their experience and improve medical knowledge and skills. Students learn to deal with individual cases and carry out medical tasks under supervision. Active participation in clinical meetings, discussions and conferences form another aspect of the training. Theoretical training accompanies duty on the ward.

During the 6th and final year students take their final examinations in internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, neurology, psychiatry and pediatrics.

Internal Medicine
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
10 weeks
  4 weeks
  4 weeks
  7 weeks
  5 weeks
  5 weeks

Each final exam is preceded by a two or three month internship period. Students in the final year are required to submit a thesis that can be begun as early as the fourth year. The last academic year is concluded with a comprehensive final state examination in which the future medical doctors must demonstrate their competence in the most important practical and theoretical aspects of general medicine. Students having passed all examinations and having successfully defended their theses are granted and M.D. degree.